Largely drawn from original and archival sources, this monograph stands out as a distinctive work on the biography of Philip Anderson: 1816 - 1857. The monograph sketches Anderson’s contribution in the field of literature. As Chaplain of the Afghan Church in Bombay, the monograph explores his ability to navigate between his religious duties and his historical investigation. The author has critically evaluated his book, English in Western India, (1856), which encapsulates not just the political account of the Early English in India; but goes beyond, it reveals a living account of the challenges and tribulations and the manner of overcoming situations that confronted the early Englishmen in India; that bribery and corruption were as much a part of the politics of the time as today. Interestingly, Anderson’s significant literary contribution as the editor of the Bombay Quarterly Review (1855- 1857) makes it a valuable source material, especially for research scholars and historians. It encompasses issues on a plethora of subjects which are not only related to Bombay but are of universal relevance. The book also foregrounds his momentous role in the completion of the Afghan Church, Bombay.